An Introduction to the Pomeranian

Congratulations! You are now sharing your life with a Pomeranian—he wouldn’t have it any other way! The Pomeranian’s most notable characteristic is his desire for human affection. The Pomeranian is happiest when he is with his people family.


Its breed name gives homage to Pomerania, an area now considered part of northern Germany and Poland. This Nordic breed originally weighed between 20 and 30 pounds, had both herding and sledding abilities, and is still characterized by its harsh double coat. Queen Victoria is credited with its miniaturization and popu- larization during her reign of England. Although their former reputation is for favoring a particular person of the household, today’s Pomeranians are truly gregari- ous. They are pleased to become a member of your fam- ily and happy to serve as your best companion! They are playful throughout their lives, but are also happy to curl up and remain in your lap. Their territorial nature and loyalty will alert you to any unusual disturbance or intruders to your household.

They have a strong desire to please, but can remain stubborn should they see fit. Their social nature among themselves makes it easy and interesting to own more than just one.

Alert & Inquisitive

The Pomeranian is an extrovert, exhibiting great intelli- gence and a vivacious spirit, making him a great com- panion dog as well as a competitive show dog. The Pom is a compact, short-backed, active toy dog. He has a soft, dense undercoat with a profuse harsh-textured outer coat. His signature is a heavily plumed tail that is set high and lies flat on his back. He is alert in character, exhibits intelligence in expression, is buoyant in deport- ment, and is inquisitive by nature. The Pomeranian is cocky, commanding, and animated as he gaits. The aver- age weight of the Pomeranian is from 3 to 7 pounds, with the ideal weight for the show specimen being 4 to 6 pounds. He is medium-boned and feels sturdy. The eyes are dark, bright, medium in size, and almond-shaped. The coat is abundant from the neck and fore part of shoulders and chest, forming a frill which extends over the shoulders and chest. The head and leg coat is tightly packed and shorter in length than that of the body. The front legs and back thighs are well-feathered in coat. All coat colors, patterns, and variations are allowed.

Care of Your Pomeranian

Although Pomeranians are noted for their abundant coat, they are generally very easy to maintain in beauti- ful condition. Taking just a few minutes to brush out any shedding coat a couple of times a week avoids matting. Keeping their nails trimmed is the only other requirement besides infrequent bathing. You might also decide to trim the excess fur between their paw pads and around their anus for sanitary reasons. Your local Pomeranian club will be able to help if you choose to exhibit your Pom in show presentation.

Poms’ teeth tend to have a lot of tartar build-up, so arrange to have regular professional veterinarian clean- ing. It also helps to have your veterinarian teach you how to brush your Pom’s teeth.

Although Poms generally do not try to run away, they must never be allowed to run loose. For their size, they are amazingly fast and have no comprehension of the danger of cars or other animals. When exercising out- doors, they should either be in an enclosed area or on a leash. Poms enjoy the outdoors when you are outdoors with them; however, their proper general housing must be indoors with their human family.

Protect your Pom in case it is lost. Identify your Pom with a collar and tags. AKC Companion Animal Recovery (CAR) now offers a free dog tag with recovery information. A 24-hour toll-free hotline is available with staff to help locate the owners. Further protection, using a permanent tattoo or microchip, can be added and reg- istered with AKC CAR. There is a 100% re-homing rate with enrolled animals. Call 800-252-7894 or go to for more information.

Maintain good eating habits for your Pom. Either estab- lish them on a good quality dry kibble or natural diet. But be aware their small sized stomachs are not suited to being garbage disposals. Avoid tidbitting them with spicy junk food, or their stomach ache could necessitate an emergency vet’s visit.

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